Here we will learn subtraction of large digit whole numbers.

First we will understand the concept then will solve problems related to it.

I strongly urge you to take out pencil and paper and start practicing the below methods.

**How to Subtract Whole Number**

We will study the methods with the help of examples:

Let’s start with simple one

**Basic Subtraction**

**Example 01****Subtract** 4571 and 1260

**Solution**

Take out pencil & paper and follow the below steps**(a) Place Values**

Find the place value of given numbers

(b) Arrange numbers column wise

Arrange numbers such that digits with same place values are in same line

(c) **Subtracting column wise from the right**

Follow the below steps:**Step 01**

Subtract the “Ones” column

⟹ **1 – 0 = 1**

**Step 02**

Subtract “Tens” column

⟹ **7 – 6 = 1**

**Step 03**

As shown above, do rest of the subtraction from right

**Hundreds Column**

⟹ **5 – 2 = 3**

**Thousands Column**

⟹ **4 – 1 = 3**

** 3311 is the right answer**

Let’s move on to solve number with more digits.

**Basic Subtraction without Regrouping**

**Example 02****Subtract** 9,75,784 and 6,54,453

**Solution**

Do the following steps:**(a) Place Values**

Find the place values of numbers given

**(02) Vertical Arrangement**

Arrange the number so that number with same place values are on the same vertical line

**(03) Subtracting column wise**

Start subtracting the numbers from the right end

Do the following steps:**Step 01:**

Subtract the “Ones” column

⟹ **4 – 3 = 1**

**Step 02**

Subtract **“Tens”** Column

⟹ **8 – 5 = 3**

**Step 03**

As done above, start subtracting column wise from right side**Hundred Column**

⟹ **7 – 4 = 3****Thousand Column**

⟹ **5 – 4 = 1**

**Ten Thousand Column**

⟹ **7 – 5 = 2**

**Hundred Thousand Column**

⟹ **9 – 6 = 3**

**321331 is the right answer**

**Subtraction with Borrowing**

**Example 03****Subtract** 648784 – 529593

**Solution**

Do the following steps:

(a) **Place Values**

Find the place values of given numbers

(b) **Vertical Arrangement**

Arrange the number vertically such that number with same place values are in same column

(c) **Subtracting Column**

Start subtracting numbers from right end

**Step 01**

Subtract the **“Ones**” Column

⟹ **4 – 3 = 1**

**Step 02**

Subtract the **“Tens”** Column

Above number “8” is smaller than below number “9”. So we borrow number from **“Hundred” **column

Borrowing Number 1 from “Hundred” place value.

The number 7 from ” Hundred” place value becomes 6.

And number in “Tens” place becomes 18

Subtracting “Tens” place value

⟹ **18 – 9 = 9**

**Step 03**

Subtract “**Hundreds**” place value

⟹ **6 – 5 = 1**

**Step 04**

Subtract “**Thousands**” place value

Above number 8 is smaller than lower number 9

So we have to borrow one from **“Ten Thousands”** Place

Number 4 from “Ten Thousand” place becomes 3

And number in “Tens” place becomes 18

Now subtract number in **Thousand Place**

⟹ **18 – 9 = 9**

**Step 05**

Subtract the rest of the numbers **Ten Thousand Place**

⟹ **3 – 2 = 1**

**Hundred Thousand Place**

⟹ **6 – 5 = 1**

**119191 is the right answer**

**Subtraction with Borrowing **

**Example 04****Subtract **725659 – 45873

**Solution****(a) Find Place Value**

**(b) Vertical arrangement**

Arrange the numbers vertically such that number with same place value are in same line

**(c) Subtraction from Right **

Follow the below steps:**Step 01**

Subtracting “Ones” Place

⟹ **9 – 3 = 6**

**Step 02**

Subtract “Tens” Place

Here upper digit 5 is smaller than lower digit 7

So we borrow digit from** Hundreds place**

Number 6 in **Hundreds place** becomes 5

Number 5 in **Tens Place** becomes 15

**Tens Place** Subtraction

⟹ **15 – 7 = 8**

**Step 03**

Subtract Hundreds Place

Again upper digit 5 is smaller than lower digit 8

So we borrow number from Thousands place

Number 5 in** Thousands Place** becomes 4

Number 5 in **Hundreds Place** becomes 15

**Subtracting Hundreds Place**

⟹ **15 – 8 = 7**

**Step 04**

Subtracting Thousand place

Upper digit 4 is smaller than lower digit 5 in Thousand Place.

So we borrow one digit from **Ten Thousands Place**

Number 2 in** Ten Thousand Place** becomes 1

Number 4 in **Thousand Place** becomes 14

**Subtracting Thousands Place**

⟹ **14 – 5 = 9**

**Step 05**

Subtracting Ten Thousand Place Value

Upper digit is 1, which is smaller than lower digit 4

So we borrow 1 digit from **Hundred Thousand Place**

Number 7 in Hundred Thousand becomes 6

Number 1 in Ten Thousand becomes 11

Subtracting Ten Thousand

⟹ **11 – 4 = 7**

**Step 06**

Subtract Hundred Thousand Place Value

⟹ **6 – 0 = 6**

**679786 is the answer**

**Subtraction with Regrouping**

**Example 05**

Subtract 176739 – 43828

**Solution****(a) Place Values**

Find place values of number given

**(b) Vertical Arrangement**

Arrange numbers vertically so that numbers with same place values are in same line

**(c) Subtract from right end**

Follow the below steps:

**Step 01**

Subtract “Ones” Place value

⟹ **9 – 8 = **1

**Step 02**

Subtract Tens Place Value

⟹ **3 – 2 = 1**

**Step 03**

Subtract Hundred Place value

Here Upper digit 7 is smaller than lower digit 8

So we borrow number from Thousand Place

Number 6 in Thousand Place becomes 5

Number 7 in Hundred Place becomes 17

Subtracting Hundred Place

⟹ **17 – 8 = 9**

**Step 04**

Rest of the subtraction is straight forward

**Subtracting Thousand Place Value**

⟹ **5 – 3 = 2**

**Subtracting Ten Thousand Place Value**

⟹ **7 – 4 = 3**

**Subtracting Hundred Thousand Place Value**

⟹ **1 – 0 = 1**

**132911 is the solution**

**Subtraction Worksheet for Grade 5**

Given below are collection of questions for Grade 5 Math.

All the questions are provided with answers.

**Basic Subtraction of Large Numbers**

Here two numbers are provided in the question.

Subtract the numbers and find the right answer.

(01) **Subtract the following numbers****632485 – 522243**

Read Solution

Subtracting the given numbers

**110242 is the right answer**

(02) **Subtract the below numbers****1638587 – 517231**

**1121356 is the solution**

(03) **Subtract the below numbers****4573591 -3356355**

**1217236 is the right answer**

(04) **Subtract and find the right answer****748628 – 739218**

**9410 is the solution**

(05) **Subtract 2477651 from 8394588**

Read Solution

**5916927 is the solution**

(06) **Subtract the below numbers****5645789 and 3210647**

(07) **Subtract the following numbers****36986599 and 16079431**

(08) **Do the subtraction of following numbers****5849517 – 56486**

(09) **Subtract 4405189 from 4593398**

Read Solution

(10) **Subtract 953324 and 918861**

(11) **Subtract 2589511 and 2498301**

(12)** Subtract 1096842 and 987621**

(13) **Subtract 952310 and 850003**

(14) **Subtract 7825432 and 6931063**

Solution**Step 01**

Subtracting the **“Ones”** Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than Lower digit 3

So we borrow number from **Tens Place**

Number 3 of Tens Place becomes 2

Number 2 of Ones Place become 12

Subtraction of Ones Place

⟹ **12 – 3 = 9**

**Step 02**

Subtraction of Tens Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than lower digit 6

So we borrow number from **Hundred Place**

Number 4 of Hundred Place becomes 3

Number 2 of Tens Place becomes 12

Subtraction of Tens Place

⟹ **12 – 6 = 6**

**Step 03**

Subtraction of Hundred and Thousand Place

Subtraction of Hundred Place

⟹ **3 – 0 = 3**

Subtraction of Thousand Place

⟹ **5 – 1 = 4**

**Step 04**

Subtraction of Ten Thousand Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than number 3

So we borrow number from Hundred Thousand Place

Number 8 from Hundred Thousand Place becomes 7

Number 2 from Ten Thousand Place becomes 12

Subtraction of Ten Thousand Place

⟹ **12 – 3 = 9**

**Step 05**

Subtraction of Hundred Thousand Place

Upper digit 7 is smaller than lower digit 9

So we borrow from Million Place Value

Number 7 from Million Place becomes 6

Number 7 in Hundred Thousand Place becomes 17

Subtraction of Hundred Thousand Place

⟹**17 – 9 = 8**

**Step 06**

Subtraction of Million Place Value

⟹** 6 – 6 = 0**

**Subtraction Missing Digit Worksheet**

Below image of subtraction is provided in the question.

You have to complete the subtraction and fill up the missing numbers

(01) **Fill up the missing digits in given subtraction**

Read Solution

(02) **Fill up the missing digits in red boxes**

(03) **Find the missing digits in subtraction**

(04)** Fill up the missing boxes with right numbers**

(06) **Do the subtraction and fill up the missing box**

(07) **Fill up the missing digits after subtraction**

(08)** Do the subtraction and fill up missing numbers **

(09) **Subtract the number and fill up empty boxes**

(10) **Subtract and fill up the empty boxes**