Subtracting Whole Numbers || Grade 5 Math

Here we will learn subtraction of large digit whole numbers.

First we will understand the concept then will solve problems related to it.

I strongly urge you to take out pencil and paper and start practicing the below methods.

How to Subtract Whole Number

We will study the methods with the help of examples:

Basic Subtraction

Example 01
Subtract 4571 and 1260

Solution
Take out pencil & paper and follow the below steps

(a) Place Values
Find the place value of given numbers

(b) Arrange numbers column wise
Arrange numbers such that digits with same place values are in same line

(c) Subtracting column wise from the right

Step 01
Subtract the “Ones” column
1 – 0 = 1

Step 02
Subtract “Tens” column
7 – 6 = 1

Step 03
As shown above, do rest of the subtraction from right

Hundreds Column
5 – 2 = 3

Thousands Column
4 – 1 = 3

Let’s move on to solve number with more digits.

Basic Subtraction without Regrouping

Example 02
Subtract 9,75,784 and 6,54,453

Solution
Do the following steps:

(a) Place Values
Find the place values of numbers given

(02) Vertical Arrangement
Arrange the number so that number with same place values are on the same vertical line

(03) Subtracting column wise
Start subtracting the numbers from the right end
Do the following steps:

Step 01:
Subtract the “Ones” column
4 – 3 = 1

Step 02
Subtract “Tens” Column
8 – 5 = 3

Step 03
As done above, start subtracting column wise from right side

Hundred Column
7 – 4 = 3

Thousand Column
5 – 4 = 1

Ten Thousand Column
7 – 5 = 2

Hundred Thousand Column
9 – 6 = 3

Subtraction with Borrowing

Example 03
Subtract 648784 – 529593

Solution
Do the following steps:

(a) Place Values
Find the place values of given numbers

(b) Vertical Arrangement
Arrange the number vertically such that number with same place values are in same column

(c) Subtracting Column
Start subtracting numbers from right end

Step 01
Subtract the “Ones” Column
4 – 3 = 1

Step 02
Subtract the “Tens” Column

Above number “8” is smaller than below number “9”. So we borrow number from “Hundred” column

Borrowing Number 1 from “Hundred” place value.

The number 7 from ” Hundred” place value becomes 6.

And number in “Tens” place becomes 18

Subtracting “Tens” place value
18 – 9 = 9

Step 03
Subtract “Hundreds” place value
6 – 5 = 1

Step 04
Subtract “Thousands” place value

Above number 8 is smaller than lower number 9

So we have to borrow one from “Ten Thousands” Place

Number 4 from “Ten Thousand” place becomes 3

And number in “Tens” place becomes 18

Now subtract number in Thousand Place
18 – 9 = 9

Step 05
Subtract the rest of the numbers

Ten Thousand Place
3 – 2 = 1

Hundred Thousand Place
6 – 5 = 1

Subtraction with Borrowing

Example 04
Subtract 725659 – 45873

Solution
(a) Find Place Value

(b) Vertical arrangement
Arrange the numbers vertically such that number with same place value are in same line

(c) Subtraction from Right

Step 01
Subtracting “Ones” Place
9 – 3 = 6

Step 02
Subtract “Tens” Place

Here upper digit 5 is smaller than lower digit 7

So we borrow digit from Hundreds place

Number 6 in Hundreds place becomes 5

Number 5 in Tens Place becomes 15

Tens Place Subtraction
15 – 7 = 8

Step 03
Subtract Hundreds Place

Again upper digit 5 is smaller than lower digit 8

So we borrow number from Thousands place

Number 5 in Thousands Place becomes 4
Number 5 in Hundreds Place becomes 15

Subtracting Hundreds Place
15 – 8 = 7

Step 04
Subtracting Thousand place

Upper digit 4 is smaller than lower digit 5 in Thousand Place.

So we borrow one digit from Ten Thousands Place

Number 2 in Ten Thousand Place becomes 1

Number 4 in Thousand Place becomes 14

Subtracting Thousands Place
14 – 5 = 9

Step 05
Subtracting Ten Thousand Place Value

Upper digit is 1, which is smaller than lower digit 4

So we borrow 1 digit from Hundred Thousand Place

Number 7 in Hundred Thousand becomes 6
Number 1 in Ten Thousand becomes 11

Subtracting Ten Thousand
11 – 4 = 7

Step 06
Subtract Hundred Thousand Place Value
6 – 0 = 6

Subtraction with Regrouping

Example 05
Subtract 176739 – 43828

Solution
(a) Place Values
Find place values of number given

(b) Vertical Arrangement

Arrange numbers vertically so that numbers with same place values are in same line

(c) Subtract from right end

Step 01
Subtract “Ones” Place value
9 – 8 = 1

Step 02
Subtract Tens Place Value
3 – 2 = 1

Step 03
Subtract Hundred Place value

Here Upper digit 7 is smaller than lower digit 8

So we borrow number from Thousand Place

Number 6 in Thousand Place becomes 5
Number 7 in Hundred Place becomes 17

Subtracting Hundred Place
17 – 8 = 9

Step 04

Rest of the subtraction is straight forward

Subtracting Thousand Place Value
5 – 3 = 2

Subtracting Ten Thousand Place Value
7 – 4 = 3

Subtracting Hundred Thousand Place Value
1 – 0 = 1

132911 is the solution

Given below are collection of questions for Grade 5 Math.

All the questions are provided with answers.

Basic Subtraction of Large Numbers

Here two numbers are provided in the question.

Subtract the numbers and find the right answer.

(01) Subtract the following numbers
632485 – 522243

Subtracting the given numbers

(02) Subtract the below numbers
1638587 – 517231

1121356 is the solution

(03) Subtract the below numbers
4573591 -3356355

(04) Subtract and find the right answer
748628 – 739218

9410 is the solution

(05) Subtract 2477651 from 8394588

5916927 is the solution

(06) Subtract the below numbers
5645789 and 3210647

(07) Subtract the following numbers
36986599 and 16079431

(08) Do the subtraction of following numbers
5849517 – 56486

(09) Subtract 4405189 from 4593398

(10) Subtract 953324 and 918861

(11) Subtract 2589511 and 2498301

(12) Subtract 1096842 and 987621

(13) Subtract 952310 and 850003

(14) Subtract 7825432 and 6931063

Solution

Step 01
Subtracting the “Ones” Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than Lower digit 3

So we borrow number from Tens Place

Number 3 of Tens Place becomes 2
Number 2 of Ones Place become 12

Subtraction of Ones Place
12 – 3 = 9

Step 02
Subtraction of Tens Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than lower digit 6
So we borrow number from Hundred Place

Number 4 of Hundred Place becomes 3
Number 2 of Tens Place becomes 12

Subtraction of Tens Place
12 – 6 = 6

Step 03
Subtraction of Hundred and Thousand Place

Subtraction of Hundred Place
3 – 0 = 3

Subtraction of Thousand Place
5 – 1 = 4

Step 04
Subtraction of Ten Thousand Place

Upper digit 2 is smaller than number 3

So we borrow number from Hundred Thousand Place
Number 8 from Hundred Thousand Place becomes 7
Number 2 from Ten Thousand Place becomes 12

Subtraction of Ten Thousand Place
12 – 3 = 9

Step 05
Subtraction of Hundred Thousand Place

Upper digit 7 is smaller than lower digit 9

So we borrow from Million Place Value

Number 7 from Million Place becomes 6
Number 7 in Hundred Thousand Place becomes 17

Subtraction of Hundred Thousand Place
17 – 9 = 8

Step 06
Subtraction of Million Place Value

6 – 6 = 0

Subtraction Missing Digit Worksheet

Below image of subtraction is provided in the question.

You have to complete the subtraction and fill up the missing numbers

(01) Fill up the missing digits in given subtraction

(02) Fill up the missing digits in red boxes

(03) Find the missing digits in subtraction

(04) Fill up the missing boxes with right numbers

(06) Do the subtraction and fill up the missing box

(07) Fill up the missing digits after subtraction